In this section
The Bathurst caribou is named for Bathurst Inlet, the general area of the herd’s traditional calving grounds.
They are part of the barren-ground caribou, a key northern species. Caribou have shaped the cultural identity of First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples over millennia through mutual relationships built on respect.
- FACT SHEET: Bathurst Caribou
The Bathurst caribou range (or use of habitat) extends from southern and central Northwest Territories (NWT) to the Bathurst Inlet in Nunavut. In some years, they have wintered as far south as northern Saskatchewan.
The Bathurst caribou herd has suffered a dramatic decline in numbers from a high of roughly 470,000 in the mid-1980s to a low of about 8,200 today.Between 2015 and 2018, the number of breeding cows dropped by almost 40 per cent to about 3,000 animals.
Population surveys since 2003 indicate a rapid decline in the population size as shown below:
2003 186,000 animals
2006 128,000 animals
2009 32,000 animals
2012 35,000 animals
2015 20,000 animals
2018 8,200 animals
Bathurst Caribou Range Plan
A draft range plan for the Bathurst herd has been developed in collaboration with 21 organizations, including Indigenous governments, wildlife management boards and industry from the NWT, Nunavut and Saskatchewan. The draft plan will help guide decision-makers, companies and communities within our established co-management and regulatory systems to manage activities on the land in a way that supports the recovery of the Bathurst caribou.
The range plan will be finalized in early 2019.
As of 2015, there is no harvest allowed for Bathurst caribou in the NWT. A mobile Bathurst Mobile Conservation Core Area was put in place in 2015 to protect the herd.
Harvest was reduced to 300 caribou per year between 2010 and 2015 for Aboriginal harvesters only.
In 2010 all resident, commercial and outfitted harvesting of the Bathurst herd was suspended.